38. Financial risk management

38. Financial risk management

See “Risk factors” for additional details on general risk factors.

Financial risk factors

The financial risks of the Group are managed centrally. The finance department of Galapagos coordinates the access to national and international financial markets and considers and manages continuously the financial risks concerning the activities of the Group. These relate to the credit risk, liquidity risk and currency risk. There are no other important risks, such as or interest rate risk, because the Group has nearly no financial debt and has a strong cash position. The Group does not buy or trade financial instruments for speculative purposes.

Categories of material financial assets and liabilities:


Year ended 31 December,

(thousands of €)



Financial assets



Cash at bank and in hand



Restricted cash (current and non-current)



Trade receivables



R&D incentives receivables (current and non-current)



Other amounts receivable



Total financial assets






Financial liabilities



Trade payables



Other non-current liabilities



Leasing debts



Tax payable



Total financial liabilities



Liquidity risk

The Group’s consolidated balance sheet shows an amount of €63.9 million as incurred losses at the end of 2014. Management forecasts the Group’s liquidity requirements to ensure it has sufficient cash to meet operational needs. The Group has no credit lines. Such forecasting is based on realistic assumptions with regards to milestone and upfront payments to be received, taking into account the Group’s past track record, including the assumption that not all new projects that are being planned will be realized.

Credit risk

The term “credit risk” refers to the risk that counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Group.

The trade receivables consist of a limited amount of creditworthy customers, many of which are large pharmaceutical companies, spread over different geographical areas. To limit the risk of financial losses, the Group has developed a policy of only dealing with creditworthy counterparties.

Galapagos grants credit to its clients in the framework of its normal business activities. Usually, the Group requires no pledge or other collateral to cover the amounts due. Management continuously evaluates the client portfolio for creditworthiness. All receivables are considered collectable, except for these for which a provision for doubtful debtors has been established.

Aging balance of receivables that are due, but that are still considered collectable





Year ended 31 December,

(thousands of €)



60–90 days



90–120 days



more than 120 days



The Group’s cash and cash equivalents are invested primarily in saving and deposit accounts. Saving and deposit accounts generate a small amount of interest income. For banks and financial institutions, only independently rated parties with a minimum rating of ‘A’ are accepted at the beginning of the term.

Interest rate risk

The Group is not currently exposed to significant interest rate risk. The only variable interest-bearing financial asset is cash at banks. The effect of an increase or decrease in interest rates would only have an immaterial effect in profit or loss.

Foreign exchange risk

The Group is exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from various currency exposures. The Group’s functional currency is euro, but the Group receives payments from its main business partner AbbVie in U.S. dollar and acquires some consumables and materials in U.S. dollars, Swiss Francs, GB Pounds and Croatian Kuna.

To limit this risk, the Group attempts to align incoming and outgoing cash flows in currencies other than EUR. In addition, contracts closed by the different entities of the Group are mainly in the functional currencies of that entity, except for the alliance agreements signed with AbbVie for which payments are denominated in U.S. dollars.

In order to further reduce this risk, Galapagos implemented a netting system within the Group in the course of 2012, which restrains intra-group payments between entities with a different functional currency.

The exchange rate risk in case of a 10% change in the exchange rate amounts to:


Year ended 31 December,

(thousands of €)



Net book value



Euros – US Dollars



Euros – GB Pounds



Euros – CH Francs



Euros – HR Kunas



CH Francs – GB Pounds



HR Kunas – GB Pounds



US Dollars – GB Pounds



The magnitude of the amounts for the year ended 31 December 2014 decreased mainly in the conversion Euros—HR Kunas.

Capital risk factors

The Group manages its capital to safeguard that the Group will be able to continue as a going concern. At the same time, the Group wants to ensure the return to its shareholders through the results from its research and development activities.

The capital structure of the Group consists of cash at bank and in hand and cash equivalents, financial debt (which currently the Group barely has: as of 31 December 2014, the Group has no financial debt other than finance leases and advances from Oseo, a French public organization for innovation support, for €1.2 million), and equity attributed to the holders of equity instruments of Galapagos, such as capital, reserves and results carried forward, as mentioned in the consolidated statement of changes in equity.

The Group manages its capital structure and makes the necessary adjustments in the light of changes of economic circumstances, the risk characteristics of underlying assets and the projected cash needs of the current research and development activities.

The adequacy of the capital structure will depend on many factors, including scientific progress in the research and development programs, the magnitude of those programs, the commitments to existing and new clinical CROs, the ability to establish new alliance or collaboration agreements, the capital expenditures, market developments and any future acquisition.

Neither Galapagos NV nor any of its subsidiaries are subject to any externally imposed capital requirements, other than those imposed by generally applicable company law requirements.