Our OA program
Sometimes called degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis, OA is the most common chronic condition of the joints. OA can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in the knees, hips, lower back and neck, the small joints of the fingers, and the bases of the thumb and big toe. According to GlobalData, OA will be the fourth leading cause of disability by the year 2020. GlobalData estimates that diagnosed cases will grow to approximately 131 million cases by 2024.
In normal joints, a firm, rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. Cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint motion and acts as a cushion between the bones. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. As OA worsens over time, bones may break down and develop growths called spurs. Bits of bone or cartilage may chip off and float around in the joint. In the body, an inflammatory process occurs and cytokines (proteins) and enzymes develop that further damage the cartilage. In the final stages of OA, the cartilage wears away and bone rubs against bone leading to joint damage and more pain.
Although OA occurs in people of all ages, it is most common in people older than 65. Common risk factors include obesity, previous joint injury, over-use of the joint, and weak thigh muscles. One in two adults will develop symptoms of knee OA during their lives. One in four adults will develop symptoms of hip OA by age 85. Current treatments for OA include weight loss, physical therapy, pain and anti-inflammatory medicines, and surgery, all of which address only the symptoms of the disease. There are currently no disease-modifying therapies available for OA.
GLPG1972/S201086, also referred to as GLPG1972, is a drug candidate developed by us under our collaboration agreement with Servier. GLPG1972 acts on ADAMTS-5, a key aggrecanase involved in the breakdown of aggrecan in joint cartilage. ADAMTS-5 has been validated in the literature in both animal models and human explants, and ARGS, a byproduct of the cartilage breakdown action of ADAMTS-5, has been shown to be elevated in the joints of human OA patients.
In a Phase 1b trial in OA patients in the U.S., GLPG1972 reduced the ARGS neoepitope, a cartilage breakdown biomarker measured in the serum, by over 50% over a four-week period:
Strong reduction of ARGS
‘1972 Ph1b study in OA patients
Given these results, we and our collaboration partner Servier advanced GLPG1972 to a Phase 2b trial, ROCCELLA, the start of which was announced in June 2018.
ROCCELLA Phase 2b trial
- 850 patients with knee osteoarthritis, recruited globally
- Primary endpoint: reduction in cartilage loss at 52 weeks
- Secondary: change in structural and clinical parameters, safety/tolerability
ROCCELLA is a multiregional, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose ranging trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of three different once-daily oral doses of GLPG1972 in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The trial is planned to recruit approximately 850 patients in up to 15 countries. We are responsible for ROCCELLA in the U.S., where we retain full commercial rights, and Servier will run the trial in all other countries.
The primary objective of ROCCELLA is to evaluate the efficacy of at least one dose of GLPG1972 compared to placebo in reducing cartilage loss after 52 weeks of treatment. Cartilage thickness will be measured using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of the central medial tibiofemoral compartment of the target knee. Secondary objectives include safety and tolerability, several additional measures of structural progression, changes in bone area, pain, function, stiffness, and patient global assessment.
We intend to finalize recruitment of ROCCELLA in the second half of 2019.
We work with Servier to develop GLPG1972. We are eligible to receive milestones and single-digit royalties on potential commercial sales for GLPG1972, while we retain full commercial rights in the United States.