The potential of JAK inhibitors for the treatment of CD
As with RA, dysregulation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway has been associated with CD. Accordingly, Galapagos believes that drugs with high selectivity for JAK1 and less selectivity for JAK2 and JAK3 are likely to be attractive candidates for development in CD. By inhibition of JAK1 but not JAK2, unwanted effects such as anemia may be prevented. Complications surrounding anemia are of particular importance to IBD patients, who frequently experience fecal blood loss. We therefore believe there continues to be a significant unmet medical need in CD treatment for an oral, highly selective JAK1 inhibitor that allows for the efficacy benefits of a highly selective JAK1 inhibitor with a more favorable side effect profile driven by less selectivity to JAK2 and JAK3.
Galapagos is developing filgotinib for treatment of CD to address the limitations of existing CD therapies. Through the FITZROY clinical program, we hope to demonstrate the following clinical and product benefits of filgotinib for the treatment of CD:
- Safety profile: That filgotinib will be well tolerated, will show an absence of treatment-induced anemia, will show marginal increase of LDL cholesterol and will result in an overall lower infection rate
- Efficacy profile: That filgotinib will demonstrate rapid onset of action and durable activity
- Convenience: That filgotinib will enable oral dosing, as there are currently no approved effective oral therapies for CD
- Combination with other therapies: That filgotinib can be combined with other therapies commonly prescribed to CD patients, due to its low likelihood of drug-drug interactions