Major shareholders of Galapagos NV
Based on the transparency notifications received by Galapagos NV under Belgian law and the statements of acquisition of beneficial ownership filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission under U.S. securities law, the shareholders owning 5% or more of Galapagos NV’s shares on 31 December 2020 were Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company (16,707,477 shares or 25.54%), Capital International Investors (6,311,001 shares or 9.65%) and Van Herk Investments B.V. (4,893,235 shares or 7.48%).
At the end of 2020, our CEO owned 481,139 shares of Galapagos NV and 826,874 subscription rights. The other members of our management board held an aggregate of 126,557 shares and 1,275,000 subscription rights. The other members of our supervisory board held an aggregate of 6,907 shares and 157,560 subscription rights. Each subscription right entitles its holder to subscribe to one share of Galapagos NV. Supervisory board members Daniel O’Day and Linda Higgins are representatives of our major shareholder Gilead.
Agreements between Galapagos NV shareholders
On the date of this report, Galapagos NV had no knowledge of the existence of any shareholders’ agreements between its shareholders.
Agreements with major Galapagos NV shareholders
On 14 July 2019, we and Gilead announced that we entered into a 10-year global research and development collaboration. In the context of the transaction, Gilead also made an equity investment in Galapagos. We also amended and restated the license agreement for filgotinib that we originally entered into with Gilead on 16 December 2015. On 23 August 2019, the closing of the transaction took place and we received an upfront payment of €3,569.8 million ($3.95 billion) and a €960.1 million ($1.1 billion) equity investment from Gilead.
On 15 December 2020, we and Gilead announced that we agreed to amend our existing arrangement for the commercialization and development of filgotinib again.
Terms of the equity investment
As part of the research and development collaboration, Gilead entered into a share subscription agreement with us. On 23 August 2019, Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company subscribed to 6,828,985 new Galapagos shares at a price of €140.59 per share, including issuance premium.
Subject to the approval of Galapagos’ shareholders and certain other conditions, Gilead has the right under the terms of the share subscription agreement to have two designees appointed to our board of directors. The special shareholders’ meeting of 22 October 2019 approved the appointment of Daniel O’Day and Linda Higgins as directors of Galapagos NV.
On 22 October 2019, our extraordinary shareholders’ meeting further issued a warrant to Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company, known as warrant A, that confers the right to subscribe for a number of new shares sufficient to bring the number of shares owned by Gilead and its affiliates to 25.1% of the issued and outstanding shares. Warrant A expires one year after the issue date and the exercise price per share is €140.59. On 6 November 2019, Gilead exercised warrant A and increased its ownership in Galapagos to 25.10% of the then outstanding shares. Warrant A expired on 22 October 2020.
On 22 October 2019, Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company was also issued another warrant, known as the initial warrant B, that confers the right to subscribe for a number of new shares sufficient to bring the number of shares owned by Gilead and its affiliates to 29.9% of the issued and outstanding shares. The warrant will expire on 23 August 2024. The exercise price per share will be the greater of (i) 120% multiplied by the arithmetic mean of the 30-day daily volume weighted average trading price of the Galapagos shares preceding the date of the exercise notice with respect to such exercise, and (ii) €140.59. Between 57 and 59 months of 23 August 2019, subject to and upon approval by the shareholders’ meeting, Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company will be issued a warrant with substantially similar terms, including as to exercise price, to the initial warrant B. This subsequent warrant B will expire on the earlier of the date that is five years after the fifth anniversary of the closing and the date that the warrant is issued.
Gilead and Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company are subject to certain standstill restrictions until the date that is 10 years following the closing (23 August 2019). Among other things, during this time Gilead and its affiliates and any party acting in concert with them may not, without our consent, acquire voting securities of Galapagos exceeding more than 29.9% of the then issued and outstanding voting securities, and Gilead and Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company may not propose a business combination with or acquisition of Galapagos. The standstill restrictions are subject to certain exceptions as provided in the share subscription agreement.
Pursuant to the terms of the share subscription agreement, Gilead and Gilead Therapeutics A1 Unlimited Company also agreed to certain lock-up provisions. They shall not, and shall cause their affiliates not to, without our prior consent, dispose of any equity securities of Galapagos prior to the second anniversary of the closing (23 August 2019). During the period running from the date that is two years following the closing until the date that is five years following the closing, Gilead and its affiliates shall not, without our prior consent, dispose of any equity securities of Galapagos if after such disposal they would own less than 20.1% of the then issued and outstanding voting securities of Galapagos. The lock-up restrictions are subject to certain exceptions as provided in the share subscription agreement and may terminate upon certain events.
Terms of the global research and development collaboration
We will fund and lead all discovery and development autonomously until the end of Phase 2. After the completion of a qualifying Phase 2 study (or, in certain circumstances, the first Phase 3 study), Gilead will have the option to acquire a license to the compound outside Europe. If the option is exercised, we and Gilead will co-develop the compound and share costs equally. Gilead will maintain option rights to our programs through the 10-year term of the collaboration. This term can be extended, at the discretion of Gilead, for up to an additional three years thereafter for those programs, if any, that have entered clinical development prior to the end of the collaboration term. On top, a final term extension can be granted in certain circumstances.
For all programs resulting from the collaboration (other than GLPG1972 and GLPG1690), Gilead will make a $150 million opt-in payment per program and will owe no subsequent milestones. We will receive tiered royalties ranging from 20 – 24% on net sales of all our products licensed by Gilead in all countries outside Europe as part of the agreement. For GLPG1972, Gilead declined to exercise its option under the collaboration agreement in November 2020. In February 2021, the development of GLPG1690 (ziritaxestat) was discontinued.
Revised filgotinib collaboration
Under the terms of the new arrangement, we will assume all development, manufacturing, commercialization and certain other rights for filgotinib in Europe. Gilead will retain commercial rights and remain marketing authorization holder for filgotinib outside of Europe, including in Japan. The transfer will be subject to applicable local legal, regulatory and consultation requirements. We intend to transfer most activities by 31 December 2021 and complete the transition by 31 December 2022.
Beginning on 1 January 2021, we will bear the future development costs for certain studies, in lieu of the equal cost split contemplated by the previous agreement. These studies include the DARWIN3, FINCH4, FILOSOPHY, and Phase 4 studies and registries in RA, MANTA and MANTA-RAy, the PENGUIN1 and 2 and EQUATOR2 studies in PsA, the SEALION1 and 2 studies in AS, the HUMBOLDT study in uveitis in addition to other clinical and non-clinical expenses supporting these studies and support for any investigator sponsored trials in non-IBD conditions and non-clinical costs on all current trials. The existing 50/50 global development cost sharing arrangement will continue for the following studies: SELECTION and its long-term extension study (LTE) in UC, DIVERSITY and its LTE, DIVERGENCE 1 and 2 and their LTEs and support for Phase 4 studies and registries in Crohn’s disease, pediatric studies and their LTEs in RA, UC and Crohn’s disease, and support for investigator sponsored trials in IBD.
All commercial economics on filgotinib in Europe will transfer to us as of 1 January 2022, subject to payment of tiered royalties of 8 to 15 percent of net sales in Europe to Gilead, starting in 2024. In connection with the amendments to the existing arrangement for the commercialization and development of filgotinib, Gilead has agreed to irrevocably pay Galapagos €160 million, subject to certain adjustments for higher than budgeted development costs. Gilead paid €35 million in January 2021 and will pay an additional €75 million in 2021 and will pay €50 million in 2022. In addition, we will no longer be eligible to receive any future milestone payments relating to filgotinib in Europe. However, we will remain eligible to receive tiered royalty percentages ranging from 20% to 30% on Gilead’s global net sales of filgotinib outside of Europe and future development and regulatory milestone-based payments of up to $295 million and sales-based milestone payments of up to $600 million.