4. Critical accounting judgments and key sources of estimation uncertainty
In the application of the accounting policies, we are required to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
Our estimates and assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of the revisions and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.
The following are the critical judgments that we have made in the process of applying the accounting policies and the key sources of estimation uncertainty that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements presented elsewhere in this annual report.
Critical judgments in applying accounting policies
IFRS 15 – Revenue recognition Gilead
Our critical judgments were as follows:
Identification of the contract
- Although formal executive contracts are still being finalized with Gilead, we assessed that the impact of the modification must already be accounted for in our consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020 given the legally binding and enforceable character of the term sheet that was signed between us and Gilead on 15 December 2020 as a consequence of both parties’ decision to amend our existing agreement for the commercialization and development of filgotinib.
- Despite our obligation to pay future sales-based royalties to Gilead and a change in the governance structure for the development activities, we concluded that all activities are still beneficial for the further development of filgotinib, for which Gilead still owns the ex-Europe rights. The contract modification has thus been analyzed following the requirements of IFRS 15 as we concluded that Gilead is still to be considered as a customer. This is also supported by the fact that we subsequently concluded that there continues to be only one performance obligation with respect to filgotinib after the contract modification.
Identification of the performance obligation
- The modification did not give rise to new performance obligations. There was only a change in scope and price of the existing filgotinib performance obligation, which was only partly satisfied at the time of the modification. The Group A and Group B development activities (see note 2 for more details) still to be performed are interrelated and thus cannot be seen as separate performance obligations. Based on this, the contract modification has been treated on a cumulative catch-up basis under IFRS 15.
Allocation of the total transaction price
- The increased fixed consideration as result of the modification has been allocated in its entirety to the filgotinib performance obligation. We assessed that the contract modification only changes the scope of the filgotinib performance obligation and the change in both fixed and variable consideration is reflective of the updated stand-alone selling price for the remaining activities of this performance obligation. If we would have concluded that the increased consideration was not, or only partially, related to the filgotinib performance obligation, the consideration would have been potentially allocated to other performance obligations in the contract, which would alter the timing of revenue recognition.
- The denominator used in the calculation of the percentage of completion reflects our best estimate of the total costs to complete the filgotinib performance obligation. These costs were assessed considering that all ongoing and planned clinical trials (including long term extension trials) would be completed until their final stage.
Key sources of estimation uncertainty
The following are the key sources of estimation uncertainty that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in our consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020.
Costs to complete the filgotinib performance obligation
- The denominator used in the calculation of the percentage of completion reflects our best estimate of the total costs to complete the filgotinib performance obligation. As our estimate of the costs is depending on the evolution of the development activities, it may be subject to change in the future. If the outcome of certain activities would be different from the assumptions that we made, it could lead to a material adjustment to the total estimated costs, resulting in a reallocation of revenue between current and future periods. Our total deferred income balance related to this filgotinib performance obligation amounts to €818.7 million on 31 December 2020.